This assignment will provide you with an opportunity to present evidence of achievement towards the following learning outcome and criteria.
1 Understand the relationship between organisational structure and culture
2 Understand different approaches to management and leadership
3 Understand ways of using motivational theories in organisations
4 Understand mechanisms for developing effective teamwork in organisations
P – Learner should able to demonstrate the ability to explain each outcome as per to the Assessment information page of this assignment.
This unit will give learners a foundation in financial principles and techniques
relevant to the strategic management process. It encourages learners to explore
the nature of cost-based financial data and information, the impact of the
budgeting process on the organization, and the development of cost reduction and management procedures and processes. It also focuses on the management of these costs through the use of forecasting, appraisal and financial reporting
procedures. One of the main objectives of this unit is for learners to develop the
confidence to apply, analyse and evaluate financial and cost information.
Areas of Learning
5 Be able to use financial appraisal techniques to make strategic investment decisions for an organization
Investment: definition; Investment appraisal:
6 Be able to interpret financial statements for planning and decision making
Statements: Financial ratios: Interpretation and limitations of ratio analysis:
Pegg Ltd is considering investing in a machine in order to increase its profitability. Two machines, A and B, are under consideration. The estimated annual profit increases (in $000) after the calculation of straight-line depreciation over the life of the machines are as follows;
Year 1 205 130
2 205 130
3 200 180
4 170 230
5 80 220
Both machines have an initial cost of $700,000. The residual value of Machine A is expected to be $60,000 and that of Machine B, $20,000.
The chairman of the company has stated that, for the foreseeable future, the liquidity situation of the company needs to be carefully monitored.
You are required to:
(a)Apply financial appraisal methods to analyse the above project and state which machine would be preferred on financial grounds, giving reasons for your answer.
(b) Calculate the Accounting Rate of Return for each machine, using the average capital invested.
(c) If the company’s cost of capital is 10% per annum, calculate the net present value of each machine.
Discount factors 10%
Year 1 .909
(d) On the basis of the answers to (a), (b) and (c) above, make justified strategic investment decision for peg Limited and advice with reasons as to which machine should be purchased.
(e) Define “internal rate of return” (IRR) and state one way in which it can be arrived at. Please explain with suitable graph.
For the year ending 30 April 2008 the comparative summarised financial data for two companies in the same commercial sector was as follows:
Heath Ltd Fork Ltd
Fixed assets (net) 52 54
Stock 48 64
Debtors 30 80
Cash 42 16
Less: Current liabilities 25 64
Proposed dividends 7 30
Issued capital 70 120
6% Preference Shares 10 –
Revenue reserves 60 –
Average stock 50 60
Cost of sales 220 730
Sales 270 810
Gross profit 50 80
Net profit 30 30
Analyze the above financial Statements to assess the financial viability of an organization. Also apply the following ratios to improve the quality of financial information for bother organizations and make recommendations on the strategic portfolio
(a) Calculate for each company, the following:
(i) Return on capital employed
(ii) Asset turnover
(iii) Net profit to sales percentage
(iv) Current ratio
(v) Quick (acid test) ratio
(vi) Sales per day
(vii) Debtor days (assume 360 days per year)
(viii) Stock turnover ratio
There is no stipulated length for the work but it should not exceed 1500 words for both tasks for 1 & 2. All work must be delivered in hard copy and soft copy, for your own security it is important to keep both copies for yourself. All assignments should be properly referenced.
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