USA and China competition of power



Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
USA and China competition of power
Just from $9/Page
Order Essay

USA and China competition of power in the 21st century and the consequences attached for the international systems














1.1 Background. 6

1.2 Statement of the problem.. 7

1.3 Purpose. 8

1.4 The objective of the survey. 8

1.5 Research questions. 8

1.6 Significance. 8

1.7 Limitations. 9

1.8 Delimitations. 9

1.9 Basic assumptions. 9


2.1 Parent involvement in ECDE. 10

2.2 Parents’ Involvement in Children Education. 10

2.3 Theoretical framework. 11

2.4 The Attachment Theory by John Bowlby. 11

2.5 Epstein theory on parental Involvement 13

2.6 Conceptual framework. 14


3.1 Introduction. 16

3.2 Research Variables. 16

3.3 Research Design. 16

3.4 Target Population. 17

3.5 Sampling Size. 17

3.6 Research Instruments. 18

3.7 Validity and Reliability. 18

3.8 Data Collection. 19

3.9 Data Analysis Procedures. 19

3.10 Ethical Consideration. 19






The study will explore the hegemonic transition of the US and China through a network analysis of the consequences involved. Gross output analysis of the state power and the hegemonic transition of the superpowers has been used before as they are the traditional indicators, but they do not accurately reflect the real influence of the superpowers. Thus, the study will use the network centrally to determine the power states that have hegemony, and in case the hegemonic transition is already taking place. Through analysis of the hegemonic transition through the technique, the argument remains that the US is still maintaining the hegemony for international relations. However, there have been indicators suggesting that the economic domain for international relations is shifting and China is attaining power at the micro-level. The US still contains power in all the levels, such as the political, cultural, military, and energy sectors. The study consists of two major implications: First is the presentation of an approach for the analysis and evaluation of the transitions for international relations through matching hegemony, which is a major concept for the theory of the relation on the same note a core concept of the network science. Secondly, the survey assesses the hegemonic transition for the US and China, and it is international relation research via the use of a sustainable method known as network analysis.






Global hegemony in the 21st century between China and the US is a topic that is mostly researched for international relations due to the competition existing between them. The aim for the attainment of the global hegemony is increasing, and different studies have come up with the use of various indicators for the prediction of the final outcome. The studies use the GDP, which is common in the representation of economic power, to show if there is any possibility for the transmission of power to occur. According to Graham, GDP can be used to purchase the power of parity (PPP), which is also an indicator for comparing the power for the US and China. The GDP includes various indicators like the GNP and CINC, which are used in most of the studies for the transition analysis. However, the two indicators cannot fully be used to explain the two states for the power transition. GDP indicates the market value sum for the final goods and the services produced in a certain state. Thus, it represents the economic output and not the influence it has on other states.

The researchers have proposed new indicators which combine the net with the existing indicators. The GDP is used as a network resource, and it complements the existing indicators where the GDP and the GDP per capita are used for analyzing the power of competition for China and the US. Unfortunately, the complementary indicators indicate only the state’s influence. Thus there is a need to combine other ways to get more than the total output. As the power of a state is determined by the influence exerted to enhance the international orders for international relations. One state affects others through the formation of relationships, and the influence is considered through state interactions. Making the dominant state gain the hierarchical structure for the interrelations through the norms, institutions, and regulations for the interactions

 of the state. 

The network perspective will be used for the US and China hegemonic transition analysis in this work. Thus the limitations of the earlier research will be overcome based on the GDP for the total output. The critical phenomena will be structured and evaluated for influencing the state actors for their own interactions. In doing so, the network theory will be used. This is a sub-theory for the complex system theory. The complex Network system contains intrinsic features for the theoretical foundations that assist in analyzing the international relations phenomena. The intrinsic features at the macro level are holism, with hubs at the micro-level. There is the use of holism analysis for the international phenomena based on the structures, nonlinearity, and the systems for mutual relations analysis. The hubs are useful in analyzing the state actor.

From the network analysis, measures are done to influence the node importance for each level. The network perspective in hegemony perspective is: Analyzing the influence states have over the hegemonic transitions for the structured context of holism. And the application of the network perspective enhances the property to be transitioned between two states for the nonlinear term for the complex theory. The premise in this analysis allows the nodes to interact, and the research can explain the complex phenomena. The network analysis is also applicable for international relations as some of the researchers use the NATO policies.

1.1 Statement of the problem

1.2 Purpose.

The research aims to examine the competition power for China and the US for the 21st century and its consequences for international systems. 

1.3 The objective of the survey

The goals of the research are: 

  1. To understand how the perspective of the complex networks can be used for studying the international relations through the competition for power between the US and China.
  2. To identify the network indicators that can be used in measuring hegemonic transition from the complex perspective and its consequences in the international systems.

1.4 Research questions

  1. Is China a hegemonic challenger to compete with US and can it arising peacefully?
  2. What are the perspectives used for the complex network for international relationship.
  3. What network indicators are used for measuring of the hegemonic transitions based on a complex perspective?
  4. What strategies does China use to gain power? And what are the consequences of the hegemon between the US and China?

1.5 Limitations.

The study does not include statistical data of the learners who were previously in school on their socialization and behaviors. Also, not all schools were studied, which limited the data generated from the observations. 

1.6 The complex networks for the International Relations research

Analyzing of the mutual influence on the international relations there is a provision of a network analysis. Network can be defines as the linked nodes and the analysis are the methods used for mapping the relationships of the nodes. The application of the nodes to international relations one node is used in the representation of a state actor and the links are the relationships for trade and the diplomacy to other states, which act as the channel for the resources and the information for influence. The network analysis is then divided into three categories of macro, micro and the meso levels. For the macro level it is used to measure the extent of to which the state plays a major role structure for the states. The meso level there is an adjacent influential states where the states interact. Micro level measures the influence of networking for the international relations.

Each of the levels contains characteristics and measurement indicators. This is the betweenness centrality for the macro level. It indicates nodes interactions for the adjacent benefits. The weighted out-degrees at the micro level show the influence of a node. They are all used in measuring the actors’ hegemon.

1.7 Network centrality analysis via sector

Economic Sector

China share in on the increase in the global trade as it continues to increase at a dizzying pace. In 1996 to 2018 he analysis of the data on the commodities indicate  that China in 1996 did not have any significant impact on the economy. During that time there were other traditional powers such as the Germany, France, Japan and in the UK which contains the impact for the international community. In 2028 it is in contrast as China contained the same economic impact like the US and it emerged like G2 for the global economy. By 2014 to 2017 there is an indication that China has linked more states than US. Since China started to be called G2 it has continued to surpress US. Thus China has been emerging as new superpower for the economic domain since 1996 and there is the transfer of the hegemony to China from US in economic sector. However from macro and the meso levels the US is still leading. Though from the micro levels China is ahead. Consisting a greater influence on quantity and the US has bigger influence on quality for the IR.

Military and the political sectors

The arms trade data was out weighted out degree from 1996 to 2018.In 1996 China had little power over military and political influence and by 2018 China was not yet linked to other states thus it hasn’t emerged as a hegemon in military and in the political sector.Thus the US contained the leading place in those sectors for the three measures of the eigenvector, betweenness and the weighted out degree. The influence on US has been growing and in China there is no much difference.

Energy sector             

There is greater demand for Chinese to continue investing more in the coal, gas and oil from the countries that are emerging with the energy need. From the increased growth and the China expansion in finance it is able to supply these nations with the energy. The US by 2018 it is expected to compete with China through the provision of global clean energy rather than the provision of fossil fuels. Thus by 2018 China has grown largely in the provision of energy rather than in 1996.








2.1 Theoretical framework.

A theoretical framework describes a structure that holds and supports theories that support the research topic. The theories described under these framework present detailed insights on the problem by explaining why the research issue exists. In this study, there are a number of ways in which the hegemony concept is applied for the international relations explanation. The conventional features together with that of neo-Gramscian will be indicated and any difference will be outlined for the theoretical framework to be clearly indicated. The scale of the hegemony scope will be indicated on how it envelops the international leadership and the ideological domination (Worth, 2015).

The US is known to be the most powerful in the supervision and ruling the international systems. However some of other different regionals actors like China have been able to succeed in the building of the subsystems which expands the influence in the future. In this era it is a reality that China is seen to order other societies both in locally as well as internationally in the sectors such as the militancy, transnational corporations also in the regional organizations (Worth, 2015).Thus various theoretical assumptions try to indicate don the behavior of the actors and the impact in the supremacy ideology and in the elucidating the missions to enhance the challenge.

Inclusion of new processes and new actors in the international relations changed the term hegemony for many years but it then resulted in the new formulated emergence for the formulated definitions. Due to the traditional mindset then it is understood better on how it is easier for a powerful state to lose their egotistical nationals interests and to integrate to other actors. Hegemony then began to be identified by the state or ideology to enhance the consequences for the merger for a disparate approach. Similarly some people argue that hegemony is not a one dominant control for a wider area but it is an institution (Clark, 2011).According to other researchers it is a preeminence for a social group of the nations over the others (Ravenhill, 2005).





3.1 Research Design Data source

The data sources will be from the economic, political, military and energy aspect for analyzing the hegemonic transition that exists between China and US. The data will be collected to enhance analysis from the state power concept whereby there is inherent of the potentiality. The data will be collected from the UN Comtrade for the trade satuistics database and it will be coded from the 1996 to 2018.

For the economic sector all commodities trade data will be used for all the states for centrality indication. The data from the other sectors such as military, political and cultural sectors will also be collected. If there are any changes contrary states they will be traced to ensure hegemonic transitions that occur in the economic sector.

The arms trade will also be used in the analysis of the military and the political influences for the US and China in the International relations (IR).Weapons exportation has an economical meaning and it has a military as well as political benefits. If a nation decides to siupply weapons to another country then they are strengthening its military position which also increases the ties between the two nations.The data will be used with the code 9306 from the UN Comtrade referring to the weapons such as the bomb and the  missiles instead of the common ones like the ammunitions.

The collected data will then be converted into a link data for the network analysis for the period from 1996 to 2018 for the node and link data.

3.2 Ethical Consideration

Other researchers such as Sommer and Sorrimer in 1997 argued that ethical considerations for example confidentiality, anonymity, also deception are important in carrying out research. Hence the aim of study will be stated first to the subjects that is the respondents; there will also be assurance of confidentiality of their identity.


The study aims at examining the hegemonic transition for the US to China under a network analysis. The GDP indicators for measuring the gross output are  not always accurate in the reflection of the state influence in indicating the hegemonic transition for the superpowers. Thus the GDP is not the best method to analyses the state power but there is need for combining the indicators with other indicators such as the use of the network analysis to collect reliable data. The network centrality is useful for the determination of the state power and if there is any hegemonic transition already taking place. Thus the process makes use of the scrutiny for the framework interactions in the framework and the use of the structures for the provision of appropriate theoretical foundations to get the real influence for a state for the IR. Thus because the concept of the network analysis coincides to hegemon it is thus used empirical analysis for the transition between the superpowers.





Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
error: Content is protected !!
Open chat
Need assignment help? You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp using +1 718 717 2861

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.
  +1 718 717 2861           + 44 161 818 7126           [email protected]
  +1 718 717 2861         [email protected]