The Role of Snakes in the Ecosystem


Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
The Role of Snakes in the Ecosystem
Just from $9/Page
Order Essay




This project proposal is my original work and has not been presented for a degree in any other university.





This proposal has been submitted to the department of natural resource with the approval of my supervisor.

  1. OGOMA









Even though snakes have always been antagonistic, most of them are innocuous and of great benefit. Human beings rely explicitly or indirectly on the resources rendered by the ecosystem; hence, living in an environment with a balanced and robust environment has several advantages.

Snakes play an integral part in keeping the equilibrium in the environment robust and healthier. We will have a healthier economy with various food products and medicinal technology advances thanks to biodiversity and natural ecosystems. This research is designed to define and explain the positions snakes perform in creating ecosystems and businesses. Snakes kept hostage perform many roles; they are used for amusement or leisure activities, study and education purposes, and research purposes. Nairobi Snake Park being part of the tourism sector helps boost the country’s economy through foreign exchange and job opportunities. Tourists who visit the snake park for any of the above reasons are charged an entry fee that can be used to develop a nation. In addition, snakes are a key component of the pet sector, with a worldwide value of 72 billion dollars.

This study entails collecting data by various approaches such as interviews, evaluation, and photography. The results will be presented in tables and charts.






List of acronyms

NSP– Nairobi Snake Park

ED– Enterprise development

GDP-Gross domestic product

NNM- Nairobi national museum

















1.1 Background information

Reptiles constitute a high percentage of the world’s species diversity. Snakes underclass reptilian are widely distributed throughout the earth biomes except for the polar region because of their ectothermic nature; hence they cannot live in a very cold environment. More than 3000 snake species exist, where about 600 are venomous and about 200 non-venomous (Bradford, 2014). (Thomson, 2003 ), there are about six snake species among the forty-six genera in Kenya, with at least 106 snake species.

Snakes inhabit different habitats; for example, they live in deserts, forests, swamps, grasslands, and when the weather is too cold, they tend to hibernate in tunnels underground. Snakes can either be venomous or non-venomous. Some lay eggs like about 70%, while 30% give birth to live young ones. Those that are malicious use their venom to kill their prey and also use it for defense. Non-venomous snakes constrict their prey to death and swallow it whole.

Snakes have always been a symbol of fear to many people, and their sight always instills fear, and some people go to the extent of killing them whenever they come across one. However, snakes play a vital role in keeping the equilibrium of the ecosystem. The roles they play in ecosystem benefits human being either directly or indirectly for example by killing rodents and insects in stores and crops. Snakeskins are used in; tourism attractions, making shoes, handbags, and other articles. Their venom is used in producing life-saving anti-venom and is also used in biomedical research. In countrys like India, China, and Africa, some snake species are used as a source of meat (Ol. Fung et al., 2009). Some snake species, especially the harmless ones, e.g., ball python, are kept as pets (Ndonga & Haruna, 2015). According to WHO 2010, in some areas, snake species are used for reverence and even worship.

Nairobi Snake Park, which was established back in 1961, has become one of the most popular tourist destinations in Nairobi, where it leads in animal attraction and research center for reptiles and snake breeding. Snakes held captive are used for different purposes like education, entertainment, and research. Nairobi Snake Park helps boost our country’s economy as there is a foreign exchange from tourists outside Kenya who visit the park for different purposes. It also boosts the economy by creating job opportunities for experts in reptiles and amphibians who know about tourism. More than 10,000 visitors per year come to pay a visit to the park (Iha et al., 1975). Snakes are of great importance in the ecosystem as well as in boosting a nation’s economy. Therefore, they need to be protected in order to prevent their extinction.

1.2 Statement of the problem

Snakes in their natural habitat and those confined are important to us as human beings because they ensure a balance in the ecosystem and helps in the economic development of a nation, such as creating job opportunities in snake parks that benefit people living in that nation.

Even if snakes are very important, they face many threats like habitat destruction, the introduction of invasive species, pollution of the environment, and climate change, leading to the extinction of some snake species. Furthermore, when there is a decrease in several snakes and the extinction of some snake species, there will be an imbalance in the food web as snakes can either be predators or prey in a food web. In addition, the decrease or extinction of snake species will affect the economy because, for example, there are those types of snake species that attract tourists, and when they become extinct, tourists might not visit, and people employed in snake parks might lose their job.



1.3 Objectives

1.3.1 Broad objective

To study the role of snakes in ecosystem and enterprise development.

1.3.2 Specific objectives

To identify snake species found in Nairobi Snake Park

To assess recreational services as provided by confined snakes

To evaluate how confined snakes help in economic or enterprise development

To determine challenges facing snakes


1.4 Research questions

Which type of snake species are found in Nairobi Snake Park?

How do confined snakes provide recreation or entertainment?

How do confined snakes help in economic development?

What are the challenges facing snakes?


1.5 Justification

There has been a decrease in the number of snake species because of human activities like clearing land for agriculture, increasing the human population, which leads to clearing of wildlife habitats to enlarge settlement and urban development, which threaten the survival of wildlife species through destruction of their habitat.

Many people have no idea of the importance of snakes, and most of them kill them whenever they come across one on their way. However, snakes are very important in the food web as they act as predators or prey; for example, some snakes feed on other snakes while others feed on animals like rats and rodents. By feeding on rats and rodents, there is a decrease in damages on crops caused by rats and rodents. They also control diseases, such as feeding on mice host to black-legged ticks where those ticks are a vector for Lyme disease, a bacterial infection. If an ecosystem lack snakes, the number of prey will increase to unnatural levels, and those animals that feed on snakes will strain to find food.

Confined snakes help in educational purposes, recreational purposes, and research purposes. They also help develop a country by creating job opportunities in the parks where they are confined. Also, when tourists visit those parks, they pay a certain sum of many, which are used to boost the economy. During the financial year 2009/2010, approximately 123000 visitors visited Nairobi Snake Park (URL). This means that despite snakes being feared by many people, they are of great importance, and people should be educated on their importance and how to handle them. This study will help people to understand the importance of snakes so that they can protect them.


1.6 Scope of the study

This study will be carried out in NSP, where we have different snake species, both dangerous and harmless, crocodiles, giant snails, baboon spiders, frogs, and birds. NSP is located in Nairobi city leads in animal attraction and research center for reptiles and breeding of snakes. Different types of snake species will be identified, the flow of visitors in the park will be analyzed, and a look at whether there are any challenges facing snakes.

1.7 Limitations and delimitation of the study

This study might face some challenges like lack of enough time to collect data, inadequate funds to fund the study, and recent document information regarding Nairobi Snake Park. These challenges can be minimized by utilizing the little time one has in order to be able to collect data. One can also ensure that during interviews will be able to capture the most relevant information about the park.






1.8 Definition of terms

Ecosystem:It is a community or a group of living organisms interacting in a specific environment.

Enterprise development: is taking small business ideas and growing them into something big, making more money, earning more profits, and employing many people as time goes by.

Gross domestic product: Is the total monetary or market value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country’s borders in a specific period.

Park: is an area of natural, semi-natural, or planted space set aside for human enjoyment and recreation or the protection of wildlife or natural habitats.



2.1 Classification of snakes

Snakes are classified in kingdom Animalia, class Reptilia, order Squamata, and phylum Chordata. Snakes are elongated, limbless, carnivorous of sub-order Serpentes. They are ectothermic vertebrates covered in overlapping scales (URL). Many snake species have skulls with several joints that enable them to swallow prey much larger than their heads with their highly mobile jaws. Snakes have forked tongues that they flick in different surroundings that let them know when danger or food is near (Omara, 2020). Snakes live in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and are predatory with a wide range of prey species (Nong’a & Haruna 2015).

Snakes tend to inhabit every part of the world except the polar region. Therefore, there are more than 3000 snake species globally (Nong’a & Haruna, 2015). In Kenya, there are more than 106 snake species (Thomson, 2003). Snakes can be categorized according to how they get their young ones, their prey, and their poison level. Many snakes have their young ones by laying eggs that are about 70% while the other 30% give birth to live young ones, and this is seen commonly in snakes that live in cold environments where eggs cannot get enough temperatures for them to be hatched. Some snakes are small in size while others are large; for example, the smallest snake is about 10cm (thread snake) while the largest is about 30 feet (reticulated python).

Snakes do not eat pests, but every snake has its preference; for example, gopher or bull snake mostly eat rodents and feed on birds, eggs, and some lizard. The rubber boas feed on other snakes, mice, birds, lizards, worms, slugs, and insects (Nonga & Haruna, 2015). Small snakes like the green, garter, and ring-necked snake eat insects. The hognose snake is known for its ability to puff up to scare off attackers and then feed on them, and if it does not work, feed on toads.

Some snakes are venomous while others are non-venomous, where the venomous snakes are about 600 in the world (Bolanos, 1972). Venomous snakes use their venom for hunting their prey, while the non-venomous snakes constrict their prey to death and swallow them whole. Venomous snakes not only use their venom for hunting but also use it for defense.

Examples of venomous snakes in Kenya include rattlesnakes, black mamba, puff adder, carpet viper, spitting cobra, boomslang, and many more (Omara,2020). Non-venomous snakes include boas, pythons, bull snakes, king snakes, and many more. NSP has various snake species, including puff adder, black mamba, the Egyptian cobra, African rock pythons, and Gabon viper.

2.2 Importance of snakes

Snakes maintain balance in the food web and play a crucial role in keeping equilibrium in the environment. Snakes are very important in the environment, and without them, the number of prey species would increase to unnatural levels, and the predators that feed on them will struggle to find food. They either act as prey or predator. By eating rats and mice, they reduce crop damage caused by rats and mice. They also serve as a food source for larger predators like hawks, herons, and carnivorous mammals like bobtails. Some snake species eat other snakes; for example, kingsnakes can eat a rattlesnake.

Snakeskins are used in tourism attractions, making shoes, handbags, and other articles. Their venom is used in producing life-saving anti-venom to treat snake bites (URL). In Asian countries such as Thailand, Indonesia, and Cambodia drinking the blood of snakes like cobra is believed to increase sexual virility/manhood (OI.Fung et al., 2009). Some snakes, especially harmless like ball python and corn snakes, are kept as pets in the western world (Nong’a & Haruna, 2015). Some snake species are used for reverence and even worship (WHO, 2010).

2.3 Snake park as a recreational center

Many people snake as a source of fear, and whenever seen, they trigger fear (Oshea, 2008). Media tend to portray a negative picture about snakes which results in a negative attitude towards them by both adult (Pandey et al., 2016) and children (Yorek, 2009), and this can result in people killing snakes whenever they come across one (Pandey et al., 2016). It has been evaluated that approximately one-third of encountered snakes are killed by local people (Whitaker & Shine, 2000). This negative attitude towards snakes varies depending on the country, and it can only be changed by the targeted educational programs (Ballouard et al., 2012, 2013). However, some people have a positive attitude towards snakes (Ballouard et al., 2013), and evidence shows how some people express their feelings towards some snake species’ beauty (Frynta et al., 2011). This feeling can bring about a positive emotion like joy (Kuhn & Gallinat, 2012).

A snake park having different confined snake species will attract these kinds of people interested in snakes. For example, more than 100000 visitors come to NSP annually (Iha et al., 1975). They either visit for entertainment purposes or education purposes or research purposes. About 123,000 visitors visited the snake park during the financial year 2009/2010. In the snake park, we have snakes, but other animals like crocodiles, lizards, turtles, local fish species, and birds attract tourists. The crocodile feeding sessions and octopus exhibit are some of the most common attractions in the snake park. In addition, snakes in zoos provide entertainment to visitors.

Nairobi Snake Park is of great importance to Nairobi residents as it assists in removing any spotted house snakes and gives advice on how they can minimize snakebites within their homes. In addition, they also provide snake species identification services which reduce the killing of snakes by Nairobi residents.

2.4 Economic or enterprise development

Globally, tourism sectors play a crucial role in boosting a nation’s economy as it is the second from agriculture in boosting a country’s economy. An increase in tourism flow brings positive economic outcomes to a nation, especially gross domestic product and employment opportunities. Tourism is a key foundation of a nation’s economic growth because it plays important roles like the advancement of the economy, promotion of peace, development of human resources, reducing poverty level, enhancement of job opportunities and earnings, which can be of great economic importance to local populations (Manyara & Jones, 2009). In many countries, the tourism sector remains an important source of employment and income to formal and informal sectors. Developing countries can get a huge amount of foreign exchange from the tourism industry, which they can use to boost their economic growth and development (Manzoor et al., 2019). Nairobi Snake Park is one of the tourism sectors that help boost our country’s economy through the foreign exchange from tourists who visit the park. The park also creates job opportunities by employing professions in the tourism sector, especially those with knowledge and skills in handling amphibians and reptiles. This can assist in the eradication of poverty in Kenya.

2.5 Challenges facing snakes

Like any other living animal, snakes face many challenges, whether in their natural habitats or captivity. According to Gibbons et al., 2000, one of the biggest challenges they face is habitat destruction due to an increase in the human population where they extend their settlement up to their settlement. Climate change and deforestation push snake out of their natural habitats into general pupation. This can lead to the killing of snakes and snakebites as snakes try to defend themselves. In Kenya, 15 to 25 Kenyans die daily due to snake envenomation, and more than 100 others have their limbs amputated, causing permanent disability (Omara, 2020). Other challenges that snakes face include diseases, over-harvesting, invasive species, and climate change. Because of the above challenges that face snakes, some species are about to be extinct.

Snakes held captive face many challenges as they have to adapt to a new environment, for example, with limited space, light, and temperature (Warwick et al., 2018). Those snakes undergo much stress, and some even try to escape (Arena et al., 2012). Other challenges experienced by snakes in captivity include;

Injuries- snakes, when introduced to a new environment, will always try to escape from their enclosure, and they can get bruises on their nose and front of their face.

Dystocia- this is a problem experienced by females where they cannot pass their eggs. This problem is usually caused by several factors, including poor husbandry, improper environmental lighting or temperature, inappropriate diet, inadequate nest site, and dehydration.

Anorexia is the lack of appetite and can be caused by a condition like reproduction, egg-bearing, or shedding. Other factors include inappropriate light, incorrect diet, stress caused by a change in environment.

Salmonella- is a disease caused by improper hygiene.

Other challenges may include abnormal swelling and masses, difficulty shedding, burns, bites and wounds, lack of mates (Hess & Axelson, 2021).

The scientific report emphasizes that snakes require much space as they actively seek and require much space to fully straighten their bodies as an essential requirement to satisfy the needs of snakes like; exercise, stress avoidance, disease control, preventing physical discomfort, and achievement of physical comfort (Asley & Jayne, 2007).





3.1 Description of the study area/sites

Nairobi Snake Park is located adjacent to Nairobi National Museum and was started in 1961. NSP is partly housed in a small building with a central garden with a little set of trees, bushes, rocks, and a tiny pool with various reptilian species like lizards, harmless snakes, and tortoise moves. Inside the park, a collider is built as a display that houses more dangerous species like black and green mamba, cobras, gaboon vipers, and African adders.

3.2 Research design

The study will adopt a research design where interviews will be used to collect primary data. The information about common snake species challenges facing snakes and the flow of visitors in NSP will be collected and analyzed.

3.3 Sampling procedure

The research will use stratified random sampling, where the stratum will be selected using simple random sampling.

According to Yamane (1967), the formulae for calculating the sample size is;




Where; n=sample size N=population size e= level of precision i.e. 95%

3.4 Data collection

The research will use a different data collection method, including interviews, observation, and photography. Interviews will entail interviewing people working in NSP. Observation will entail looking at the snakes in the park and observing the flow of visitors visiting the park per day.

3.5 Reliability and validity of data

This will be achieved by seeking consent from respondents, assuring the respondent’s privacy, anonymity, avoiding exaggerations, providing incentives where necessary, and providing them with feedback on the results.

3.6 Data analysis

This means collecting, model, organize and analyze data to draw a helpful conclusion from it. Research findings will be studied, and dominant themes and conclusions made. Data from the field will be recorded in a data sheet before being transferred into a Microsoft excel datasheet for processing and analysis. SPSS and MS excel 2013 will be used to carry out statistical analysis, and descriptive statistics for various variables in each site will be presented in tables and pie charts.

3.7 Expected outcome

To create awareness to people on the importance of snakes, which so many people fear.

To come up with a research project that will be presented before the department for Bachelor of Science in Wildlife Enterprise and Management.

ACTIVITY Jan-Feb Mar-May June July Aug    
Concept note              
Proposal development              
Submission of proposal              
Pilot study              
Data collection and analysis              
Report writing              












Proposal development Internet bundles 1 500 500
Printing 30 5 150
Binding 1 50 50
Stationery One each 200 200
Subtotal 900
The pilot study, data collection, and analysis Transport 2 2000 4000
Lunch 2 200 400


1 1300 1300


Subtotal 5700
Report writing Printing 40 pages 5 200
Binding 1 50 50
Internet bundles 1 500 500
Subtotal 750
Contingency cost 10% of the total 735
TOTAL 8085




Ballouard, J. M., Ajtic, R., Balint, H., Brito, J. C., Crnobrnja-Isailovic, J., Desmonts, D., … & Bonnet, X. (2013). Schoolchildren and one of the most unpopular animals: are they ready to protect snakes?. Anthrozos, 26(1), 93-109.

Bolaos, R. (1972). Toxicity of Costa Rican snake venoms for the white mouse. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 21(3), 360-363.

Frynta, D., Mareov, J., ehkov-Petr, M., klba, J., umbera, R., & Krsa, A. (2011). Cross-cultural agreement in perception of animal beauty: boid snakes viewed by people from five continents. Human Ecology, 39(6), 829-834.

Iha, J., Maikweki, J., Cheptumo, M. & MacKay, A. (1976). The snake park. Kenya Past and Present, 7(1), 19-30.

Khn, S., & Gallinat, J. (2012). The neural correlates of subjective pleasantness. Neuroimage, 61(1), 289-294.

Hess, L., & Axelson, R. (2021). Challenges facing snakes, retrieved from accessed 18th May 2021.

Manyara, G., & Jones, E. (2007). Community-based tourism enterprises development in Kenya: An exploration of their potential as avenues of poverty reduction. Journal of sustainable tourism, 15(6), 628-644.

Manzoor, F., Wei, L., & Asif, M. (2019). The contribution of sustainable tourism to economic growth and employment in Pakistan. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(19), 3785.

Mullin, S. J., & Seigel, R. A. (Eds.). (2009). Snakes: ecology and conservation. Cornell University Press.

Nonga, H. E., & Haruna, A. (2015). Assessment of human-snake interaction and its outcomes in Monduli District, northern Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Health Research, 17(1).

Oi-Fung, W., Hin-Tat, F., Shing-Kit-Tommy, L., Ka-Keunga, L., Chak-Wah, K. & Simpson, I.D. (2009) A preliminary survey of Hong Kong snake shops and the potential snake bite risks for the healthcare system. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 103,931-936.

Omara, T. (2020). Plants used in anti-venom therapy in rural Kenya: Ethnobotany and future perspectives. Journal of Toxicology, 2020.

Pandey, D. P., Pandey, G. S., Devkota, K., & Goode, M. (2016). Public perceptions of snakes and snakebite management: implications for conservation and human health in southern Nepal. Journal of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine, 12(1), 1-25.

Thomson, N. (2003). Science education researchers as orthographers: Documenting Keiyo (Kenya) knowledge, learning, and narratives about snakes. International Journal of Science Education, 25(1), 89-115.

Warwick, C., Arena, P., & Steedman, C. (2019). Spatial considerations for captive snakes. Journal of veterinary behavior, 30, 37-48.

Whitaker, P. B., & Shine, R. (2000). Sources of mortality of large elapid snakes in an agricultural landscape. Journal of Herpetology, 121-128.

WHO. (2010) Guidelines for the prevention and clinical management of snakebite in Africa. World Health Organization Regional Office for Africa, Brazzaville, 145 pp.

Williams, D. J., O’SHEA, M. A. R. K., Daguerre, R. L., Pook, C. E., Wuester, W., Hayden, C. J., … & Austin, C. C. (2008). Origin of the eastern brownsnake, Pseudonaja textilis (Dumril, Bibron and Dumril)(Serpentes: Elapidae: Hydrophiinae) in New Guinea: evidence of multiple dispersals from Australia, and comments on the status of Pseudonaja textilis pughi Hoser 2003. Zootaxa, 1703(1), 47-61.

Yorek, N. (2009). The only good snake is a dead snake: secondary school students’ attitudes toward snakes. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment, 23(sup1), 31-35.

Are you in need of assignment help?

Are you a high school, college, or university student pursuing a diploma, bachelors, master’s, or Ph.D. degree? Sometimes, assignments and life can overwhelm you.

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

That is where we step in. Whichever your reason may is, it is valid! With our student assignment help service, you can submit all your assignment on time and score superb grades. You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Our academic writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an academic writer with our assignment help service is to have a college bachelors degree. When assigning your order, we match the paper subject with the writers area of specialization.

What subjects does your online assignment help service help with?

We offer student assignment help on various subjects. These include:

  • Nursing
  • Psychology
  • Sociology
  • Business
  • Statistics
  • Finance
  • Literature
  • Law
  • Finance
  • Computer science

Why should you use our assignment help service?

  • You get unique plagiarism-free papers
  • We ensure timely delivery of all assignments
  • Papers are of unmatchable quality
  • We can handle assignments of any deadline
  • We have a pool of skilled, experienced native English writers
  • The minimum requirement to be a writer with our company is to have a bachelors degree
  • Writers go through rigorous tests and mentorship
  • You get a subject-relevant academic writer
  • We ensure strict adherence to paper instructions
  • We can handle tackle bulk assignments
  • We charge fair and reasonable prices
  • We offer awesome discounts to our clients
  • Our customer support is available 24/7
  • You get superb grades consistently
  • We guarantee 100% privacy and confidentiality
  • We are 100% legit
  • Customer satisfaction is our core priority
  • You can communicate directly with the writer
  • Our quality assurance department ensures your papers quality is top-notch
  • We have secure payment methods

How does our student assignment help service work?

1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver a perfect paper. It will also help to avoid unnecessary revisions. At this point, you can attach files that are provided for the assignment. We usually insist a lot on the client uploading the grading rubric if it is available. The writers adhere to the highest level of the rubric to ensure that you get a perfect grade.

2. Pay for the order

Proceed to securely pay for the paper so that we can assign the paper to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writers area of specialization.

3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer.

4. Download the paper

The paper is uploaded to your personal account and sent to your email. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
error: Content is protected !!
Open chat
Need assignment help? You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp using +1 718 717 2861

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.
  +1 718 717 2861           + 44 161 818 7126           [email protected]
  +1 718 717 2861         [email protected]