Research Methodology and Research approach

Research Methodology

Research approach

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The research approach would direct the researcher to apply to plan and proceed with this research in such a specific manner that could enhance the credibility of the overall research findings. Hence, in this research, the researcher would be selecting the best-suited path to identify the importance of waterproofed concrete for basement construction is the deductive approach. It is due to that the researcher aimed at identifying the problems that the traditional tanking system encounters, which make the basement area prone to water leakage then based on those problems, waterproofed concrete is brought up to construct basement area. Thus, the selected research approach would guide the researcher to determine the cause-and-effect relationships between waterproofing concrete and basement construction. For example, the causes for which the waterproofing concrete is brought up and the effects this waterproofing system imposes on the basement construction, which resulted in providing strong benefits and strengths to the construction of the basement, could be retrieved by applying this approach. In qualitative research, there seems to be a variety of data analytical approaches, which the researcher can utilize for analyzing data (1). Thus, since the researcher aims at applying qualitative research, a descriptive approach to waterproofing concrete for the concrete basement would be a suitable one.

Research philosophy

Research philosophy reflects the belief about the approaches, the researcher would collect, analyse and use the data based on a phenomenon waterproofing concrete for basement construction. Hence, the belief of this researcher towards this phenomenon indicates pragmatism philosophy, which guides a researcher to rely only on facts and practical or evidence-based data. The word pragmatism itself means practicalities (2). Since the researcher would entirely be relying on the facts, Evidence-based data and practical data, thus, pragmatism research-philosophy would be the best-suited one here. It is because the researcher aims at identifying the facts based on which waterproofing concrete makes a basement construction free from water leakage or waterproofed. The data to meet this aim are entirely based on practicality that what the functions or role that waterproofing concrete plays, which could not be maintained by the traditional tanking system, making a basement construction water-resistant. Researching on this topic seeks practical results, which can only increase the reliability and validity of the findings hence, to achieve so, the researcher would apply pragmatism philosophy.

Research design

A research design seems to be a blueprint that guides a research process by laying out how the study would move from the research questions to the findings guides (3). It is of two categories such as designs for explanation and designs for description. In this context, where the researcher aims at identifying the relationship between waterproofing concrete and basement construction, thus the suitable design would be “descriptive”. It is due to that this design would be providing wealth and rich information to the researcher regarding waterproofing concrete, traditional tanking, basement construction, and the relationship between the use of waterproofing concrete and basement construction. Hence, this information would be easier for understanding and interpreting, and these could also identify the problems related to traditional tanking and the benefits of waterproofing concrete. Three basic forms of research designs are descriptive, explanatory and exploratory (4). The descriptive design leads the researcher to obtain information based on the current phenomena followed by the UK construction industry and standards to construct a water-proofed basement.

Type of data

Concerning this research based on waterproofing concrete in basement construction, it is identified that the researcher relies on secondary data rather than primary data. There is an opportunity for accessing data to be reused to become more available (5). This is one of the reasons for which the researcher would select to use only secondary data such as peer-reviewed articles, governmental websites, news release, press release, and business articles. The availability of the secondary data leads the researcher to rely on it because waterproofing concrete, materials, traditional tanking, basement construction and some other related data would be easily accessible and available on the secondary sources. Furthermore, the researcher needs to grab some building standards of the UK related information to achieve the aim of this research, which the researcher can retrieve by using the governmental websites of the UK revealing some construction trends, standards and other information. Hence, the reason to use secondary data is based on easily available and accessible data and information leading the researcher to meet the objectives of this research paper.

Data collection method

The most important aspect of research methodology is the data collection method and there are three types of data collection method such as qualitative, quantitative and mixed approach. Here, the researcher aims at utilizing the secondary data on the respective topic, thus the best-suited data collection method would be the qualitative data collection approach. By incorporating this method for collecting the secondary data, the researcher needs to explore secondary sources such as articles, journals, governmental websites and many others. This method would lead the researcher to collect the data based on waterproofing concrete for basement construction from those sources only that are already published in any form such as academic or non-academic. Here, the researcher would be using the books, records, online articles, journals, databases, newspaper and govt portals to use the existing data for meeting the objectives of this research.

Here, the researcher since focused on waterproofing concrete along with basement construction, thus finds it increasingly difficult for explaining these terms along with the correlation between these two in quantifiable, measurable terms. Hence, the researcher would select secondary qualitative data. Furthermore, the primary qualitative method would not be used because it would limit the researcher to indulge a specific number of participants due to cost constraints and time-bound. In addition, primary qualitative data collection would seek a consent form, which is again a bit lengthy process consuming the overall time of this research. The qualitative data collection method indulges intensive study with extensive data (6). Hence, for carrying out an intensive study revealing the effects of waterproofing concrete on the basement construction by using the extensive amount of data being ease level of accessibility and availability, the researcher would select secondary qualitative. Thus, the researcher being relied on secondary qualitative data collection can feel relieved from the burden of participation of the respondents with community partners. This method allows a researcher to search literature from the scientific or field-related databases, then remove the duplicated studies, search literature from journals and websites, then remove the duplicated data, and finally conclude with the number of papers to be used, which could meet the eligibility criteria (7). Thus, the researcher would go through the whole process, where inclusive criteria for the data would be recently published, waterproofing concrete, materials used by the current trends of the construction industry, thoroughly based on the construction industry and only the UK govt websites-based. Exclusive criteria for the qualitative data would be entirely based on traditional tanking system, old-version of articles and websites, other countrys website-based data, lack of basement construction term in the sources, and many others.

Data analysis technique

As the researcher would be applying the qualitative secondary method to collect the data, thus the most-suited data collection technique would be thematic analysis. In this analysis technique, the researcher would be applying the content or thematic analysis that leads the researcher to identify, analyse and then report patterns in the form of various themes. This pattern entirely follows the research objectives and findings of the literature review to frame themes based on the evaluation of waterproofing concrete for constructing a basement area. Thus, the pattern would entirely follow the terms such as waterproofing concrete, basement construction and the relationship shared between these two. Semi-systematic review is a type of analysis that can be useful to detect themes, common concerns or theoretical perspectives within a specific research discipline (8). Here, the researcher would be incorporating a semi-systematic review focusing on the concepts, trends, standards, benefits of waterproofing concrete and its key link with basement construction in the research discipline of project management. This analysis technique is used because it has the ability for mapping a construction project management, synthesizing the state of waterproofing and basement construction knowledge and creating an agenda for further research. It could also offer an opportunity to the researcher to grab some historical facts about traditional tanking that got failed in constructing the basement waterproofed. Based on those facts, the researcher could identify the benefits and causes for which waterproofing concrete is applied in basement construction.

Sampling and sample size

The sampling technique to be used here is purposive sampling by involving those sources only, which have some similar features and characteristics only following the research questions and objectives. Hence, the researcher would use purposive sampling because the sample would be indulged need to completely be based on waterproofing concrete for basement construction, thus the samples such as journals, articles, news release and websites would have discussed the respective topic. In addition, the sample size for this research would be 15, where the sample includes articles, journals, newspapers and govt websites of the UK as well. Purposive sampling is all about including a theoretical sampling (9).

Ethical considerations

While utilizing the secondary sources for data collection and analysis, the researcher needs to follow the ethical guidelines for a fair and unbiased selection of the sources followed by analysis. There is a probability of qualitative research leaving out some sensitivity related ethical issues on its findings (10). However, to avoid such ethical concerns by following the Data Protection Act 1998, which leads the researcher to protect the sensitive data from misuse, hacked or exchange with the wrong intention. Furthermore, the researcher needs to follow the ethical guideline not to tamper with the original text or data published in a journal article. Tampering the data is a crime in secondary research. If data freely available on the internet needs registration then the researcher needs to follow the registration guidelines and limitations over the use of the data.

Gantt chart

Actions Week 1-Week3 Week4-Week6 Week7-Week9 Week10-Week11 Week12-Week14
Selecting the topic to be approved          
Rationale, significance and introduction to the topic          
Reviewing the pieces of literature based on waterproofing concrete for basement construction          
Research aim, objectives and questions are framed          
Methods are introduced at the end of this proposal to be used in the dissertation          


Table 1: Gantt chart

(Source: Self-developed)



The limitations associated with this study are based on two facts that are lack of sufficient budget and the current pandemic situation. Both of these constraints can restrict the researcher to use rich data and information for meeting the research aim and objectives. Furthermore, the limitation regarding this research would be the currently published data from the governmental end.




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