End Life Cycles of Legislation

End Life Cycles of Legislation

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
End Life Cycles of Legislation
Just from $9/Page
Order Essay

The gist of policy formulation lies within epistemic limitations. The life cycle ends when a policy is implemented and has its provisions diffused and adopted within the Nation’s state. A quorum advocating for a bill ought to be at ad idem and in their requisite capacities as state representatives. Provisions may either be prose where Novel policies are formulated or borrowed from other states.

Literature Review

What we perceive as policy formulation is entirely on a different scale than what it is. Policy formulation follows several processes that accrue to make provisions acceptable. The legendary policy formulation concerns “the 3D life processes that are social economic and political realms. The state may either borrow policies or make new ones make a policy public-worthy. In extreme situations, the merging of provisions to improve legislative practices gives room for Policy experimentation. To revive classical freedom on the virtue of political science, the state Government acknowledges this method in either untested or tested.

Policy diffusion in borrowed policies is based on “the Stare Decisis doctrine,” which means that tested policies are adopted from other states to achieve similar results. There is an integration of precedent provisions, and no modification is allowed unless necessary. On the other hand, novel policy concentrates on inventing new approaches or adopting untested policies known to other states in the state in question. These two mechanisms have different significant impacts. According to (American Journal of Political Science, 2020), Electoral considerations primarily influence borrowing, and lawmakers are more likely to borrow when legislator’s electoral safety decreases.

Senate proceedings involve matters of public interest. In the case of Welfare Reform Debates, amendments made provide federal reserves for the needy (The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: A Legislative History. 2019*). Legislative activity in the endorsements of policy provisions for the less fortunate follow strategical analysis to support high living standards. They have aimed at providing access to incentives by the old age population and unemployment compensation.

These immediate responses sought the intervention of Aid to Families with Dependent Children, which formed Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. The TANF finances work activities despite its involvement in social affairs. According to (A Legislative History of Nonhuman Animal Fighting in the U.S. and Its Territories 2020,) policies are enacted to prohibit non-human animal fighting, which is considered animal mistreatment. These occurrences are concrete proof of the efforts that legislative representatives make to protect national and Social interests.

Passing Bills in the House and the Senate

Differentiating the two while accounting for sub-policy intervention may be difficult. House floor business conductions are more straightforward and less controversial concerning senate procedural activities. The differences may run from design layout to actual passing of bills. Passing bills in the House only respond to matters germane with conditions provided. As simplistic as a bill can be, voting by the full HouseHouse is mandatory (Congressional Procedures and the Policy Process). A Rule prerequisites the introduction of a bill whereby credible from the members act as a benchmark under which amendments and debate actions are supported.

Policymaking ideally relies on the approval of a draft bill; voting down a bill may equally be defeating the bill itself (Congressional Procedures and the Policy Process). The debate takes part in the Committee of the Whole, which is the same as the House in underlying fiscal situations. A general debate forum is provided such that every policymaker engages in the discussion but within a timeline. It usually considers the majority voice and clears out complex matters in tandem with several lawmakers outlooks. Amendment connotes the cornerstone of policymaking and democratic practice. It is easy enough to say that the dynamics of passing a bill in the HouseHouse is testing the conclusions of the majority.

Finalizing legislative procedures include the dissolution of a bill that limits further debates from taking place. Engrossments, the Third reading of the bill, and Motions to recommit are all in the final steps of policy legislation. Motions to recommit have offered a chance to shape the bill’s trajectory, and if rejected, the final vote is conducted, which effectuates House operations in bill processing.

Senators have more workload than representatives in the HouseHouse. Whereas it takes more lawmakers to formulate a policy in the HouseHouse, legislative obligation in the Senate is by only 100 members. The Senate system is flexible and allows floor action proscriptions. Majority and minority partisans work together, unlike in the House, where the majority rules. Scheduling in the Senate is less formal and is almost to a pragmatist series of advocacy. Sequential events are picked on a priority basis, ranging from public and family meetings to legislative processes. Determining legislation in the Senate relies on the power of the majority, which resembles the ability to propose a motion.

Passing bills in the Senate happens during the Legislative Day, similarly to the actual calendar day representing Senate proceedings. Order of bills are listed on the calendar (Congressional Procedures and the Policy Process). In situations where unilateral decisions are present, a full Senate is required to support the bill placed. Motion to proceed a bill considers a bill’s progress; if the Senate is in sync with the resolution or draft, further action is taken in a bid to amend and debate on the actual bill.

Filibuster Discussion

A filibuster acts to impede the expedition of a billing process. Senators take action to delay the motion to proceed; these actions are usually due to disagreements in voting. Probabilities of a filibuster occurring are on the non-existence of debate limitations where senators are allowed a forum to air out their views and surrender the opportunity to others while seeking acknowledgments of a provision. A filibuster explicitly modifies or defeats legislation (Congressional Procedures and the Policy Process), ending with a cloture motion. It threatens the code of unanimous senatorial decision-making.

Unlike past proceedings, the filibuster is the last resort in the Senate’s daily life, which symbolizes Senators’ privileges. It acts as a conduit for moving their agendas. Modern filibusters have now been construed as threats; there is no need for real talk. Due to the hectic activities that senators have to accomplish, it is uncommon for them to take up exhaustion as a defense mechanism to filibusters, notwithstanding their effects in facilitating potency to any deadline-driven organization.

In addition to filibusters being an item of consulate power, they prohibit the passing of bad or somewhat unrealistic policies. They make do with ethical statutes to foster fairness through thorough evaluation of provisions in a bid to balance equity and protect minority’s rights. It is inclusive of public interests, which govern better performing states. If utilized wisely, a filibuster threat may be a tool to concentrate on matters grave to the Nation’s performance. However, the filibuster is a controversial subject since its reference is a threat less as it is an influencing instrument to policymaking.

End Process for Bill Passage

Whether a bill is passed in the House or the Senate, implementation is the same. A bill is subject to unanimous consent in the Senate or a majority vote rule in the House. The velocity at which a bill passes depends on certain limiting factors, but eventually, a bill should be agreed upon before presidential consideration. Conference committees are considered a small group of lawmakers who oversee the final version of a written bill.

A conference committee report should not be subject to any alteration. The two bodies of Congress must agree formally or in an indistinguishable format for the bill to be sent to the White House for approval. They are less applicable as in earlier situations, but senators intend to increase the use of conference committees.

Presidential consideration is necessary for an enrolled bill. The President has the veto power can approve or dismiss the bill. In paramount situations, profound decisions are made to attain policymaking objectives. The veto power generally guides the upholding of specific policies. The presidents usually have regular veto power or may assume a pocket veto. A threat of a veto redirects the Congresses’ action plans in the case of ill-advised policies. The President can also veto power to approve singular statements that allow for only part or thereof of a bill to be implemented.


A vetoed bill is returned with various objections from the President, which invokes actions to override the veto power or modify the bill. A bill becomes a public law after being vetoed or signed by the President. It may also be as a result of an absence of a Presidential signature. It is sent to the National Archives and Records Administration for deposit and publication in Statutes at Large.




Congressional Research Service. The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: A Legislative History. 2019*

Oleszek et al.: Congressional Procedures and the Policy Process.

Pacelle, Wayne. Pacelle, Richard. A Legislative History of Nonhuman Animal Fighting in the U.S. and Its Territories. Brill Volume 29, Issue 1. 2020*

Srinivas C. Parinandi: Policy Inventing and Borrowing among State Legislatures . 2020

Are you in need of assignment help?

Are you a high school, college, or university student pursuing a diploma, bachelors, master’s, or Ph.D. degree? Sometimes, assignments and life can overwhelm you.

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

That is where we step in. Whichever your reason may is, it is valid! With our student assignment help service, you can submit all your assignment on time and score superb grades. You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Our academic writers are graduates with bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an academic writer with our assignment help service is to have a college bachelors degree. When assigning your order, we match the paper subject with the writers area of specialization.

What subjects does your online assignment help service help with?

We offer student assignment help on various subjects. These include:

  • Nursing
  • Psychology
  • Sociology
  • Business
  • Statistics
  • Finance
  • Literature
  • Law
  • Finance
  • Computer science

Why should you use our assignment help service?

  • You get unique plagiarism-free papers
  • We ensure timely delivery of all assignments
  • Papers are of unmatchable quality
  • We can handle assignments of any deadline
  • We have a pool of skilled, experienced native English writers
  • The minimum requirement to be a writer with our company is to have a bachelors degree
  • Writers go through rigorous tests and mentorship
  • You get a subject-relevant academic writer
  • We ensure strict adherence to paper instructions
  • We can handle tackle bulk assignments
  • We charge fair and reasonable prices
  • We offer awesome discounts to our clients
  • Our customer support is available 24/7
  • You get superb grades consistently
  • We guarantee 100% privacy and confidentiality
  • We are 100% legit
  • Customer satisfaction is our core priority
  • You can communicate directly with the writer
  • Our quality assurance department ensures your papers quality is top-notch
  • We have secure payment methods

How does our student assignment help service work?

1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver a perfect paper. It will also help to avoid unnecessary revisions. At this point, you can attach files that are provided for the assignment. We usually insist a lot on the client uploading the grading rubric if it is available. The writers adhere to the highest level of the rubric to ensure that you get a perfect grade.

2. Pay for the order

Proceed to securely pay for the paper so that we can assign the paper to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writers area of specialization.

3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer.

4. Download the paper

The paper is uploaded to your personal account and sent to your email. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
error: Content is protected !!
Open chat
Need assignment help? You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp using +1 718 717 2861

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.
  +1 718 717 2861           + 44 161 818 7126           [email protected]
  +1 718 717 2861         [email protected]