Strategies and Tactics of Behavioral Research
James M. Johnston Auburn University
Henry S. Pennypacker University of Florida
Published in 2009 by Routledge 270 Madison Avenue New York, NY 10016 www.psypress.com
Published in Great Britain by Routledge 27 Church Road Hove, East Sussex BN3 2FA
Copyright © 2009 by Routledge
Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business
This edition published in the Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2010.
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All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilized in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Johnston, James M.
Strategies and tactics of behavioral research / James M. Johnston and Henry S. Pennypacker, Jr. – 3rd ed.
p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. 1. Psychology—Research—Methodology. I. Pennypacker, H. S. (Henry S.) II. Title. BF76.5.J63 2008 150.72—dc22 2008019278
ISBN 0-203-83790-8 Master e-book ISBN
ISBN: 978–0–8058–5882–2 (hbk)
To Ogden Lindsley and Murray Sidman
Giants of our field upon whose shoulders we proudly stand
LIST OF BOXES
PART ONE THE NATURAL SCIENCE OF BEHAVIOR
1 SCIENCE AND SCIENTIFIC BEHAVIOR
Scientists as Behaving Organisms
Science as the Behavior of Scientists
Control by the Subject Matter
The Products of Science
Research Methods and Service Delivery
2 BEHAVIOR AS A SCIENTIFIC SUBJECT MATTER
The Evolution of Conceptions of Behavior
Toward a Scientifically Useful Definition of Behavior
A Working Definition of Behavior
3 ASKING EXPERIMENTAL QUESTIONS
The Nature of Experimental Questions
The Functions of Experimental Questions
PART TWO MEASUREMENT
4 SELECTING AND DEFINING RESPONSE CLASSES
Strategies of Selecting and Defining Response Classes
Tactics of Selecting and Defining Response Classes
5 DIMENSIONAL QUANTITIES AND UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
Properties, Dimensional Quantities, and Units
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