Critique of a Peer Reviewed Article


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The aim of the assignment is to effectively critique and state the facts by analysing a peer-reviewed article to conceptualise and elevate the understanding by conducting an effective discussion. With the aspect of having a consistent and effective discussion, exclusively addressing the article paper the assignment would attempt to put forward the concept with clarity and appropriateness. The present study is conducting a critical appraisal of why the study of abroad study opportunities are important especially in the initial and early stages of the education system in regards to healthcare students. How that could possibly help them have effective benefits both on the students career choices and their interpersonal skills as professional in the future. The paper that the present assignment would be reviewing is:

Brown, M., Boateng, E.A. and Evans, C., 2016. Should I stay or should I go? A systematic review of factors that influence healthcare students’ decisions around study abroad programmes.Nurse Education Today,39, pp.63-71.


Use of the CASP framework has also been considered for effective analysis and to make sure all the necessary questions are answered in the process of critiquing and a clear sense is made out of the systematic review.


Critical appraisal is the process of examining and research systematically and carefully to effectively judge the trustworthiness, values and relevance in special regards to the research context (Popay et al. 2006). It is very important that the entire aspect of critical appraisal is explicit, coherent, and transparent in the way the ideas and concepts of the published researches are applied. With the use of high-quality pieces of evidence and identification of high-level research information, critical appraisal allows one to make the analysis much more concentrated and focus on the article with much more relevance (Trowe and Lehman, 2017). With the help of the critical appraisal framework, it helps and attempts one who is analysing the article to either support its claims or refute it credibly to make credible sense out of it. Judging the trustworthiness, values and their relevance to any specific context becomes much easier and convenient with the help of a critical appraisal. The overarching questions that the present paper attempted to address are firstly what are the factors that influence the healthcare students to participate in study abroad programs, then what are the key barriers to the same and why the promotion of the study abroad opportunities are important (Jackson and Oguro, 2017).

CASP framework

Address of a clearly focused question

The present paper addressed some of the most effective questions in regards to the research topic and they are what are the factors that influence the healthcare students to participate in study abroad programs, then what are the key barriers to the same and why the promotion of the study aboard opportunities is important. The focus group of the study is healthcare students in specific and not just medical or nursing with the aspect of how it is relevant for healthcare students to have study abroad opportunities. The present paper has incorporated narrative synthesis to effectively go beyond just summarizing or explaining the features and information of the studies and case studies it had considered (Brown et al. 2016). Although in both qualitative and quantitative research it is used, narrative synthesis is used in the present paper to effectively describe the synthesis of the qualitative studies of the case studies that it had considered. Quantitative research is where quantifiable data is generated with the research process and often could be calculated and make calculative research findings and outcomes, where qualitative research is conducted where the subjective or observational method is used to have a much general and broader idea on that specific topic than just focusing on a specific quantifiable data or findings that have numerical information. Both qualitative and quantitative research could vary, the sample size is generally way higher than the quantitative research (Brown et al. 2016). Ranking of the strength of the results that have been generated from scientific research, a heuristic method is known as evidence hierarchy, especially in nursing or medical research method.

Consideration of the right paper by the author

By collating available pieces of evidence that would directly address the clinical question effectively would be some of the most effective aspects of a systematic review. Having no limitation of how many papers one could possibly include in a systematic review, the present paper includes 5 qualitative studies and 5 case studies, 10 in total. In the context of the present topic which is to identify the factors that influence significantly the healthcare students especially when they have study abroad opportunities in their early stages of education, and the possible key barriers that restrain them from doing it and financially to achieve a meticulous summary and concrete comprehension of the available primary studies in response to a specific research question or a series of research questions (Brown et al. 2016). Generally, the use of existing research also known as secondary research is conducted in this case (Brown et al. 2016). A narrative synthesis blending qualitative and quantitively research would not be able to generate accurate systematic review since it would have a possible clash between numerical information and observational and subjective viewpoint. Study design helps to have a framework of how the research is conducted and this specific procedure helps with collecting and analysing different data on variables specified in a particular research problem (Jackson and Oguro, 2017).

Inclusion of relevant studies

Using effective data sources or data search engines such as MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, ASSIA, and ERIC databases, to collect all the relevant papers to include in the present peer-reviewed article (Brown et al. 2016). Or the purpose of grey literature, key institutions have been contacted and interacted to find relevant information and identify the possible factors. Grey literature helped to access unpublished data and non-commercial data (Brown et al. 2016). It helps the research to become much more current and contemporary than the published literature. Not being able to find homogenous quantitively studies would lead to the consideration of narrative synthesis that would help the systematic review to get conducted effectively (Philips et al. 2017).

Assessing the quality of included studies

The publication bias involved often cause the findings to get exaggerated and that happens mostly because published papers like this one would not include any negative results or even any neutral review (Brown et al. 2016). The use of small studies reviews in a systematic review also make it much more restricted in nature and often limited. If the studies are of different methodology and designs it could provide fragmented pieces of evidence and that would potentially be trying the coherence of the systematic reviews (Brown et al. 2016). Rigour is the criteria of trustworthiness of how the data collection as conducted that is having no bias or nor personal judgements of all the process that it takes to effectively conduct research, whereas reliability is the reliability of the concepts or the aspect of the authenticity of the information and data or even components used in the paper. Papers in systematic reviews with different methodologies would create an incoherence although would also variables, and maintaining reliability and rigour would likely be more difficult (Ruth et al. 2016).

Reasonability of the combined review results

By planning out the synthesis method effectively, and by listing all the data effectively that have been extracted would help take that extra step in combining the data in a systematic review (Brown et al. 2016). By developing the data collection method and developing the form and collecting the data effectively and the synthesis would be complete and explaining the findings would help combine the data credibly. The use of systematic reviews is the most effective methods in the narrative synthesis that helped with generating credible data and relevant findings (Brown et al. 2016). Different results of the studies generated can possibly be considered as a result of something that is effective for an overall analysis, aftercall.

Overall review results

The findings of the present paper have generated some effective meanings on the present selected article of systematic reviews that considered some effective aspects of the present research area (Brown et al. 2016). Some of the key significant results that have been generated that why early promotions of the studies are important and how significant it impacts the study program (Brown et al. 2016). How the inclusion of detailed information and different language support has helped with the developments of facility influence would help the students to have better importunities to opt for study abroad opportunities in healthcare areas. Using major subheadings such as the positive and negative factors were made to ensure that the results are affected. These factors were mostly the factors that are most likely to influence the students career options in choosing the study abroad method in their early study programs. Determining possible trends that worked as factors is something that had helped with the systematic reviews (Trower and Lehmann, 2017).

The precision of the results

With the aspect of combining and all the relevant studies conducted on the similar and common research topic, something has led to the developments of the research. Generally, combining then data is something that helps with the precision of the results (Brown et al. 2016). Then precision of the results has helped with the accuracy by considerably taking effective perspectives into consideration that have helped with the analysis of the different methodologies of all the papers that have been selected and incorporated into the present study (Brown et al. 2016). This is something that has led to the contribution of statistically stable and considerable information and led to the developments of generalising the ideas from the study. With the aspect of statistically significant factors that have been identified, the use of results has been considered to study effectively (Ruth et al. 2019).

Application of the results on the local population

The results generated from the study could possibly be applied to the local population to significant the aspect of how the students who are in the academics in terms of healthcare subjects (Brown et al. 2016). Using the study results both positive factors such as the factors that would significantly help or have already helped them to opt for study abroad programs, and negative factors such as the language and information limitation are some of the most effective aspects that could possibly be applied into the aspect of the local population of students (Popay et al. 2006). Using the results could be effective to use in the field of study, something that would help to deal with the overall analysis of the present research areas. Using the factors that would help the students to elevate the standards of analysis and comprehending the aspect of how that would contribute to the overall developments of the study overall (Brown et al. 2016).

Consideration of important outcomes

Considering qualitative and case studies would also help with overall analysis something that would help with the overall developments of the outcomes (Brown et al. 2016). Since consideration of case studies and qualitative studies have been considered, considering ethical studies would be nominally required, as much it is required in actual direct data collection process such as interviews or observation (Brown et al. 2016). The use of a broad range of regulation, standards, and the principle of good practices are some of the most effective aspect of research governance something that had contributed to the overall effective analysis of the study. Ensuring high quality is often considered with good practices something that would be implemented with the help of research governance, something that had led to the contribution of effective research (Philips et al. 2017). Involving human participation is something that could possibly generate a different result something that had led to the developments of effective real-time findings and relevant information that is contemporary and much more current than just considering case studies. Not considering human participants and yet considering ethical panels would also be important since, considering the case studies and qualitative studies consider the writers and require neutral understandings and not have any personal bias based on the authors (Jackson and Oguro, 2017).

A key identification of benefits and harms

In the analytic framework, considering the harms and benefits or even health benefits are relevant and therefore the study considering both the aspects are important (Brown et al. 2016). Therefore, having a certain sense of benefits assessment is definitely visible and relevant and require a considerable sense of assessment (Brown et al. 2016). Effective identification of harms and benefits would help consider the overall analysis of both sides of the study and had helped to arrive at an effectively meaningful and considerable understanding of the study. Considering both positive and negative factors have definitely contributed and justified the fact that these aspects were in fact, outlined in the study design of the present paper, something that had led to the overall understanding and comprehension of the present study results (Jackson and Oguro, 2017).


The aim of te paper was to conduct an effective summarisation of the systematic reviews that was conducted in the peer-reviewed article. With the help of critical appraisal and effective CASP framework, the overall study has been credibly conducted and effectively analysed without any intrusion or any sense of interruption throughout the study. The overall analysis while consider both benefits and harm assessment with the involvement of the study had helped to heave the importance of having a balanced assessment of both positive and negative aspect of any relevant research topic.


Reference List

Brown, M., Boateng, E.A. and Evans, C., 2016. Should I stay or should I go? A systematic review of factors that influence healthcare students’ decisions around study abroad programmes.Nurse Education Today,39, pp.63-71.

Jackson, J. and Oguro, S. eds., 2017.Intercultural interventions in study abroad. Routledge.

Jackson, J. and Oguro, S., 2017. Introduction: Enhancing and extending study abroad learning through intercultural interventions. InIntercultural interventions in study abroad(pp. 1-17). Routledge.

Philips, L., Bloom, T., Gainey, T. and Chiocca, E., 2017. Influence of short-term study abroad experiences on community health baccalaureate students.Journal of Nursing Education,56(9), pp.528-533.

Popay, J., Roberts, H., Sowden, A., Arai, L., Rodgers, M., Britten, N., Roen, K., & Duffy, S. (2006). Guidance on the conduct of narrative synthesis in systematic reviews. Lancaster, United Kingdom: Lancaster University.

Ruth, A., Brewis, A., Blasco, D. and Wutich, A., 2019. Long-term benefits of short-term research-integrated study abroad.Journal of Studies in International Education,23(2), pp.265-280.

Trower, H. and Lehmann, W., 2017. Strategic escapes: Negotiating motivations of personal growth and instrumental benefits in the decision to study abroad.British Educational Research Journal,43(2), pp.275-289.


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