Causes and Effects of Migration Paper


Causes and Effects of Migration

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Migration is the movement of people and goods from one place to another. Migration can be classified into either immigration or emigration. Migration may be associated with the occurrence of some natural calamities or issues directly connected to political instability. In contemporary American societies, migration is at times associated with the movement of non-citizens and citizens in and out of the country to seek employment opportunities and high education. the occurrence of migration into the American State was either free or forced which in one way or the other facilitated the development of the economies (Soennichsen 2011).However, migration has also resulted in disadvantaging the American socio-political processes. This paper seeks to explore and analyze the causes of the migration patterns and policies and changes in internal migration patterns.

Firstly, In the early societal developments, trade acted as the main source of exchange amongst the members of the American societies. As a result, many individuals from the different external countries worldwide were attracted to the trading activities to earn exchange from the process. For instance, in the early time, Columbus who was an explorer from Europe had organized his voyage to the Arabian coast but ended up at the American coast. These explorers ended up conquering the American kingdoms by converting the natives into slavery. The movement of the Europeans into the American continent destroyed the native political processes in the community (Harry 1922). The Europeans who had moved into the state were driven by the quest for power and wealth which had the origin in the American coasts. The dramatic alteration of the economic and cultural systems of the native American states resulted where some of the individuals were forced into migrating to other areas or neighboring countries. There occurred a division between the cultures of the whites and blacks in the American systems which enhanced the development of the racial differences.

Political instability resulted in the migration of people to safer grounds to protect their families. The quest for the united states’ independence resulted in westward migration which in turn developed policies to control the migration of the individuals. For instance, the development of the northwest ordinance policy opened routes for the massive displacement of the locals from their original farmlands. Furthermore, the intuition of the forced migration resulted in the conflict amongst the natives and the immigrants thus developing weak treaties. The development of the westward policies resulted in the further development of cities which immensely gave rise to conflicts among the individuals. The Pickneys treaty developed a series of conflicts associated with slavery (Rocco 1902).The political systems of the local natives were immensely affected by the migration of the individuals into their environments. Furthermore, the political groups within the community developed resistance against the expansion of the slave trade in the native communities which aided in the increased movement of people to safer grounds. An example is the emergence of the Klan’s fight for Americans which demanded the intermediate blocking of the blacks from accessing their voting rights. Furthermore, khans efforts seemed to scoop the official seats that were occupied by the blacks and return them to the native American citizens. Therefore. As a result of the struggle, conflict was able to be evident which forced large groups of people to migrate to safer grounds.

Employment formed the basis for the movement of individuals from their native lands to other areas. The expansion of the road and rail transport networks opened routes for the development of industries and market access. Institutions that provided job opportunities for the citizen were developed within the communities. As result, so many immigrants from other countries managed to maneuver their ways into the American country. An example is the Mexican nationals who migrated into the USA to seek employment while others were seeking safe spaces for their countries. As these immigrants diversified their routes to the American interior, they managed to acquire citizenship of America. In 1849, conflict erupted between the native American citizens and the Mexican American citizens due to the scramble for the partitioning of the gold sources within the communities (Harry 1922). With time internal policies on the migration of the non-citizens were changed opening routes for strict control of the borders to keep away the extremists. Civil wars erupted despite the government’s efforts to compromise both western and Louisiana territories. Political debates, therefore, erupted within the American societies which resulted in the development of city policies on external migration to control the bald movement of people. The occurrence of the civil wars made it possible for the initiation of the pacific railway act, homestead and Morills act thus opening routes for controlled western migration.

Industrial and agricultural revolutions opened routes for the internal migration of the individuals from one area to another concerning increased work force. Mechanization, urbanization, and corporate farming resulted in a massive migration of individuals in search of available job opportunities within the American states (Goodwyn 1978). The population of the United States became more diverse thus altering the national identity of the country. Furthermore, the possibility of the outbreak of diseases within the American communities hence facilitated opened channels of the deteriorated health of the native citizens of the American land. The industrial revolution not only opened routes for internal migration but also directly impacted the external immigrant’s movement into the country. The intolerance of the black immigrants by the native citizens went beyond and hence included the catholic and Jewish communists thus opening channels for increased conflicts. The distinctive nature of the growing cultures resulted in slow assimilation of the values that control individual behaviors within the community. The inequalities between the business and the laborers erupted thus enabling the initiation of the anti-immigration policies within the American states. The progression of the development initiatives resulted in continued anti-migration sentiments in the American spheres. Immigration as a result of industrial and agricultural led to the alteration of the cultural organization of the United States of America.

The increase in the population of the country resulted in the oppression of some minority groups within the community. The vulnerable nature of these groups opens opportunities for gender inequalities within the communities. The exclusion of specific genders in the development initiatives results in a lack of information amongst that particular group. For instance, women from the broader population of the most vulnerable groups may be prone to abuse and oppression within the community spheres. Increased population opened routes for the scramble for the limited opportunities within the development spheres. Economic development and prosperity rely on the inclusion of both men and women in all the spheres of development (Frederick 1899). The American population after the immigration and emigration has continued to form religious and political oppression against the women in ancient societies. In 1915, women suffrage efforts were initiated to ascertain the development and total inclusion of women in voting rights within the political systems. The confinement of women into childbearing roles in the community needs to be eradicated by offering them equal opportunities as their male counterparts. The concern is ensuring that fairness, equity, and justice are attained at all times. Women need to be prepared effectively to take active roles in the development processes within the community.

The spread of American Christianity also occurred as a result of the migration of the natives to other countries. For instance, in 1902 the migration of the natives to the Philippines enabled the growth of the American religious practices in the Philippines. The movement of the Christian missionaries to other parts of the world facilitated the spread of Christian religious practices. Conflict, therefore, occurred as a result of religious differences example the protestant and the catholic doctrines which immensely affected the local activities. Furthermore, the immigration efforts resulted in the resistance of the expansion (Bryan 1996). The main objective was to obtain opinions from the public on the Philippines war and eradicating the negative effects of imperialism within the communities. The efforts to eradicate imperialism within the public spheres occurred during early 1899. War against liberty was eradicated thus creating an agreement with the Philippines on the attainment of independence from the colonizers. At the end of the early 19th century, the immigration surge of the citizens from the European continent into the American continent increased. Due to the increased population in the country, job opportunities became limited thus the majority of the immigrants settled for alternative job opportunities to meet their increasing demands. An example is a bootblacking job which was readily available within the community.

In summary, immigration into a country can have both positive and negative impacts on the community. Some aspects that are brought about by immigration act as developmental aspects of the country. Nevertheless, the relationships between the natives and the immigrants resulted in increased conflicts. Political differences developed concerning the accommodation of the immigrant’s needs in the larger community. Generally, it is important to address the immigration issues through civilized and lawful means without disadvantaging others. The government should be grounded on equal rights for all the humans, creation of liberty, and equal life assurance to all individuals in the USA.



Bryan,W.J. (1996).The cross of gold: Speech delivered before the national democratic convention at Chicago, July 9, 1896. NY: University of Nebraska Press.

Frederick Bancroft. (1899). The platform of the American Anti-Imperialist League, 1899.

Goodwyn,L. (1978).The populist moment: A short history of the agrarian revolt in America. Oxford University Press.

Harry Emerson. (1922).“Shall the Fundamentalists Win”? NY: Christian work 102.

Rocco Corresca. (1902).The Biography of a Bootblack. Papers and proceedings of the fifteenth annual meeting. 1902, NY.

Soennichsen,J.R. (2011).The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. ABC-CLIO.



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